Investment banker positions are strongly identified within the capitalist nations in which they are employed, and the job headings are standard within a nation’s system, if not across the entire developed world. The services which are provided by these corporations are essentially identical in all nations, although some of the verbiage may be distinctive. These types of banks are utilized by corporations and governing bodies for the purpose of increasing borrowed funds, that can be put into the open market for purchase in the expectation that the full issue will always be sold.
The first point to understand about investment bankers is they are not a typical deposit taking bank such as you would find on the major streets in any Western town or city. There is no provision with regard to outsiders to put money directly in the bank, either for the purposes of earning interest or so that money can be spent and used in daily life. These types of banks are lesser recognized to the common individual as they do not have major presence in the everyday media, nonetheless they do have massive existence and respect within the economic industry. Many companies raise finances through the same bank multiple times, almost as a matter of regimen.
The banks are capable of doing other functions for investors on a management basis, including placement of pension funds or mutual funds into the market. The pension fund terms that have been laid down by the government, aid people of all classes in saving for future years, since they protect capital gains from taxation if the money is held within the same investment vehicle up until the individual retires. The tax-free vehicles can only include a limited amount of money, so many richer clients are using mutual funds to hedge their investment in Wall Street corporations.
Investment banker organizations are prone to the highest levels of scrutiny from government authorities, because of the potential for gain which would accrue to anyone successfully gaming the system. Banks which have operations in both the buying and selling sectors of the market are able to keep both sections completely apart and to function without any hint of corruption. This high level of regulation is necessary for the effective functioning of the financial industry as a whole, although there are always going to be individual incidents in which it will appear to have been breached.
If you have to ask what is an investment banker, then you are obviously right at the start of your knowledge gathering process. The distinguishing feature of an investment bank compared to what the average person thinks of as being a bank is the way in which it interacts with the people who fund it. The investment bank is dealing exclusively with corporations and wealthy individuals, either in the placing of money into the market and managing investments, or in the creation of stock which can be sold into the open market, giving the corporation access to what are effectively borrowed funds.
The career of investment banker is one which can give high rewards in a relatively short period of time, but it is also one which demands a college education, and one which involves working an extreme number of hours. There are many people who enter the profession who burn out at a relatively young age, so be sure you can handle the workload before you begin thinking of this as a potential career. There are several distinct routes into this type of banking and related careers, but they all start with study at a college, from which the recruitment takes place.
The typical market analyst is at the bottom of the investment bank food chain, and they are effectively the work horses which make the system run. This is a job which you can move into straight after college, but it can be something of a rude awakening. It is common for analysts to put in two or three years of work, and then move on to another job in a related sector. This is likely to be in managing money for outside clients, as you will by then have an enhanced understanding of how the system works.
There are other ways to become an investment banker which will usually see your career following a completely different path, but these are notoriously difficult to achieve. If you are able to study with one of the highest rated MBA programs, there is a chance that you will be handpicked to become an associate, which will give you more power right from the start. In exchange for this, you will be expected to stay in the job for a much longer period of time. Getting onto the highest rated college program you can find will be a sensible plan if you want to have a stable and successful career as an investment banker.